Through characterizing the social-ecological system, we obtain the big picture of the intertidal area. The not obvious relations appear and the structural aspects can be identified. This holistic approach can help to stablish priorities in management.
Nature and society can be overwhelming in their complexity; well-meaning or reasoned interventions can have counterintuitive outcomes that emerge from complex feed-backs inherent to system dynamics.
The construction of dynamic models of biological or socioeconomic systems is severely limited by the difficulty of measuring system variables and interaction strengths.